Sigiriya: Monolith, Exquisite Paintings & Awesome Trek

Sigiriya Rock is considered by many in the island nation to be the 8th wonder of the world. And for a good reason too! It is a must do on any traveller’s list in SriLanka.

It is situated near Dambulla. It is about 375kms (3-4hr drive) from Colombo. It is also the centrepiece of the triangle formed by the Sinhalese civilisations of Kandy, Poloonaruwa and Anuradhapura. Most travellers will advice to include Sigiriya on your Lanka trip.

The earliest evidence of usage of Sigiriya caves by Buddhist monks from around 3rd Century BC exists. After King Mahanama who ruled Anuradhapura from 410- 432 AD, a prince named Dhatusena became the King of Anuradhapura in 459 AD, defeating the Indian invader ‘Pandu’.

King Dhatusena was the ruler who constructed Kala Wewa or the Kala Wewa Tank, by building a dam across Kala Oya, which is a small river type. The man-made 54 miles long Yoda Ela, which takes water from Kala Wewa to Tissa Wewa is considered as an Irrigation engineering wonder even at the present day. It has a gradient of 6 inches per mile along the first 17 miles, which means the level difference is just over 8 feet even after the first 17 miles along the canal. That’s an amazing feat of engineering in itself.

Prince Kashyapa, with the help of the general of the army of King Dhatusena, named Migara, got his father killed and became the King. Prince Mugalan, fearing for his life, escaped to India. The Buddhist Bhikkus and the people were against his conduct and favored Price Mugalan for the rulership. Fearing that Mugalan will come with an army from India to avenge him at a later day, King Kashyapa decided to make Sigiriya as his kingdom. During his rule of eighteen years from 477 AD to 495 AD Sigiriya Kingdom was created. It is believed that he sought the refuge of Sigiriya rock for his safety fearing for his life.

After 18 years, Prince Mugalan came with an army from India to fight with King Kashyapa. During the battle Kashyapa killed himself and Mugalan became the King. He went back to Anuradhapura and ruled the country from there and handed over Sigiriya back to the Buddhist priests. Sigiriya as a Kingdom was abandoned in around 1150 AD and was almost forgotten for the next seven centuries Though King Kashyapa is not regarded in high esteem in Sri Lankan history due to his dubious conduct, he is credited as the ruler with unsurpassed imagination put into reality to create a Sri Lankan style marvel of high calibre art and engineering skills that could even challenge the other world structures at that time, which definitely is amazing even in the 21st century with whatever is remaining as ruins of Sigiriya Kingdom.(Ref)


So basically it’s an hour’s leisure trek across the manicured gardens and up the steep steps. The views make it all the more relaxing. The Sigiriya Rock is actually a hardened magma plug from an extinct volcano. The entrance boasts a Lion staircase leading to the palace garden. The Lion could be visualized as a huge figure towering against the granite cliff. The opened mouth of the Lion leads to the staircase built of bricks and timber. However, the only remains of this majestic structure are the two paws and the masonry walls surrounding it. Still, pretty impressive!


After you hike up half-way you enter two caves with Fresco paintings of various women (Apsaras=Angels). The theories and views on the subject of the paintings are controversial. Some believe them to be queens, princesses, and maids of the court of Kashyapa. Others seem to believe that they depict celestial beings – either Nymphs (Apsaras) or goddesses.

Frescos on the cave walls

Once you get up top, you get sweeping views of the surrounding forests and hills. Makes for amazing viewing any time of the day, especially at sunset. On top there is also a ‘mirror wall’ which was so polished that the king could see his reflection on it.  There is also a futuristic system of consisting of canals, lakes, dams, bridges, fountains and underground water pumps that still provides water to the site’s gardens today.

A small lake half way up?

Tips for visiting Sigiriya

  1. Avoid the afternoon times. It can get pretty hot. Best time is the sunset. You can watch the various shades of green turn brown on the horizon. It’s pretty awesome!
  2. The entrance fee is a hefty 30USD (4500LKR). It’s cash only and LKR only. Free for children under 5.
  3. There is a small adjacent Sigiriya museum with some artifacts as well. Worth a look!
  4. Avoid the guides. Really not worth it. A lonely planet or something should do.
  5. Don’t rush through to the top. Take your time. It’s beautiful all around you.
  6. For people who can’t walk/climb, Tuk-Tuks will take you around the rock. It’s well worth a ride. Kids will love it.
  7. Take a water bottle along. It’s not available inside.
  8. By Train, you can get from Colombo to Sigiriya via Habarana. There is a daily early morning rail service from Colombo. And then a half hour Tuk-tuk ride to the base/hotel.
  9. We visited the charming Cinnamon. The food spread was great. 08lotusrestaurant2
  10. All in all its a must see when in Sri Lanka. No wonder it’s on the UNESCO world heritage list and it should be part of any seven day Sri Lanka itinerary.
  11. Sri Lanka Visa for Indians: As a part of the SAARC region, Indians can get an E-visa for a discounted price of 20 USD. Check the link here…

23 thoughts on “Sigiriya: Monolith, Exquisite Paintings & Awesome Trek

  1. I did this way back in early 2000. Stayed the night in the hotel near the basement of the monolith. We arranged for the hotel to pack breakfast for us. We walked up before dawn , sat on the top above the big pool and watched the sunrise rise over the jungle. It was for me a truly spiritual moment in my life.

    For those intersted, the band Duran Duran made a whole series of videos in Sri Lanka back in the eighties, one of them featuring Sigirya prominently.

    A stunning place in a stunning environment

    Liked by 1 person

  2. I am still trying to get to Sri Lanka. Last time I was in India with my daughter I intended to get there, but there’s so much to see in India that we never made it. Hopefully, the next trip I can fit it in.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. The monolith and hike look amazing! I can see why some people would call it the 8th wonder of the world! Really interesting information about the usage of the cave. Would love to see the views on the hike as well as the mirror wall!

    Liked by 1 person

  4. The paintings look incredible, a true talent! Sri Lanka seems like an amazing place to visit, something very different. It’s a must for my bucket list

    Liked by 1 person

  5. Never heard about Sigiriya before. Srilanka seems amazing place. Its rocks and paintings remind me of caves of Bhimbetka of India. They belong to Paleolithic age,
    Thanks for sharing.

    Liked by 1 person

  6. wow, the place looks mesmerizing.. one thing that fascinates me the most is the story behind it. I never thought Srilanka has so many intriguing place to offer! The paintings on the walls are also a masterpiece that seemingly managed to defies age! It might be a big challenge to climb this place but absolutely worth an adventure
    Thanks for sharing

    Liked by 1 person

  7. This place is amazing! And the story behind it makes me want to visit it even more! Also your tips are really helpful and I think it’s great that you share them with us.. It will help anyone who is about to visit have an amazing exprience!

    Liked by 1 person

  8. This looks amazing! I would love to see the view from the top. I used to live with some geologists and we had a running joke to find monoliths. (One of my roommates who was an engineer didn’t know any geology terms except monolith). I’ll have to show them this!

    Liked by 1 person

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.